sbg_Subgrpidsbg_Sbgpdessbg_WELdefinsbg_Enumusr1sbg_ENUMusr2sbg_Sgender1sbg_Sgender2sbg_Sethid1sbg_Sethid2sbg_Scaste1sbg_Scaste2sbg_Srelid1sbg_Srelid2sbg_Slang1sbg_Slang2sbg_Scultvwrsbg_Sothcommsbg_sparty1sbg_sparty2sbg_MANAGEsbg_EXCLUDEDsbg_TRANflowsbg_TRANsharsbg_EQIPsharsbg_LGTHusesbg_OFFSPRNGsbg_SUBnotsbg_AVERincsbg_SUBvarsbg_LONGvarsbg_ASSETSsbg_SUBwheresbg_OLSONsbg_RULtechcsbg_RULtimecsbg_RULquancsbg_MARGvaluesbg_TECHtimesbg_USErate2sbg_UseRateDsbg_OWNlaborsbg_ENHANCEsbg_AVOIDhrmsbg_SUBalt1sbg_ENTACTsbg_RULEfollsbg_RULEbraksbg_PROnurulsbg_VIOLENC1sbg_SHARE
13,1All members of the Raj Kulo irrigation organization - those operating land which receives a water allocation from the Raj Kulo for the monsoon rice.1,51594,51,50,52,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmins1,5-11,5-11,41,31,51,51,53,53,59,51,21,54,42,31,36,51,4-242,43,53,52,53,51,51,51,32,54,51,51,54,30000.6,5
14,1Farmers who are not members of the Raj Kulo irrigation organization, but acquire water from the Raj Kulo during the winter wheat season and for maize planting in exchange for working on the system.2,4-13,11,3-12,3Pahadi2,3Brahmin, Magar2,3Hindu1,3Nepali1,31,33,53,53,53,53,4-11,35,12,2-1-1-12,32,31,31,31,31,3-13,21,51,3-11,21,41,21,21,3-11,2
15,1All shares holders of the irrigation organization.1,51054,51,3-12,5Pahadi, Tibeto-burman2,5Brahmin, Magar1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,31,31,51,51,53,53,54,5-11,54,42,31,46,5-2-241,41,41,42,53,51,51,51,32,51,51,51,54,50000.56,5
107,2All irrigators rely on the irrigation for the source of income. They are classified into absentee landlords, owners-cum-tenants, landless farmers, and laborers, living in Damuli and other villages.1,5215,55,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins, Magar, Kumal1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,51,51,53,53,53,57,52,51,53,52,53,56,5-2-242,52,52,52,53,51,51,52,52,55,51,51,54,50000.56,5
116,2Bhitoriya water users group, only one group1,570,53,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetries1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,52,53,53,5-28,52,51,54,53,52,56,5-21,542,52,51,52,53,51,51,51,52,55,51,51,51,50000.56,5
117,2Brahmins, Chhetries, Tharus and Chamars are caste in the subgroup. Farmers cultivate their lands applying the same technology and rules, thus there is no need for more than one sub-group.1,5121,54,52,5502,5Pahadi, Tharu2,5Brahmins, Chhetries, Tharus1,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Tharu2,51,52,52,52,53,53,53,52,51,53,51,52,56,5-2-242,51,51,52,53,51,51,51,52,54,51,51,54,5-2.6,5
118,1The composition of beneficiaries of the command area has changed due to migration and settlement programs and unavailability of required quantity of water. . . .1,325000,59,51,3-12,3Pahadi2,3-12,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-11,52,3-1-1-17,3-1-13,32,32,3-1-2-2-1441,3-13,21,51,5-1-1-11,31,3-1-16,5
119,1Almost all the appropriators belong to Tamang community. There are 7-8 households of Chhetri and 1 of Brahmin. Totally, there are about 250 households. Tamang community has a strong sense of unity.1,4250,55,52,4-13,4Tamang-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,42,43,53,53,32,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-24441,32,53,51,51,4-12,53,42,41,41,50000.46,5
119,2Almost all the appropriators belong to Tamang community. There are 7-8 households of Chhetri and 1 of Brahmin. Totally, there are about 250 households. Tamang community has a strong sense of unity.1,5158,55,52,5501,5Tibeto-Burman1,5Tamang1,5Buddhist2,5Tamang, Nepali1,51,51,51,53,53,53,32,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-24442,52,51,51,52,51,51,53,52,51,52,51000.56,5
120,1This subgroup includes about 900 households belonging to Brahmin, Kshetri, and Tamang. They are all living in two villages, Kot and Gunchha.1,5400,55,52,4-12,4Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,42,43,53,53,33,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-242,52,54,33,53,51,51,42,52,54,42,52,41,5-16,5
120,2This subgroup includes about 400 households belonging to Brahmin, Chhetri, and Tamang. They are all living in two villages, Kot and Gunchha.1,5300,55,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi2,5Tamang, Brahmin, Chhetri2,5Hindu and Buddhist2,5Tamang and Nepali2,52,52,52,53,53,53,33,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-24442,53,51,51,51,52,51,53,52,51,52,50100.46,5
121,1Appropriators in this subgroup live in three villages, Khot, Gunchha, and Dhap. The canal was the result of collective efforts of these appropriators. But recently there have been disputes ...1,5400,55,52,4-12,4Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-14,542,52,53,53,5-26,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2442,4-16,53,41,51,42,51,43,43,42,41,5-16,5
121,2Appropriators in this subgroup live in three villages, Khot, Gunchha, and Dhap. The canal was the result of collective efforts of these appropriators. But recently there have been disputes ...1,5200,54,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman2,5Tamangs2,5Buddhism and Hinduism2,5Tamang / Nepali4,52,52,51,53,53,5-26,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-24442,56,51,51,51,52,51,43,52,51,52,50100.46,5
122,1Appropriators live in the Dhap village irrigating their land by Dhap Kulo and Sabedar Ko Kulo.1,5125,54,52-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-152,52,53,53,5-24,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2442,43,44,5-11,51,52,41,41,53,43,41,4-26,5
122,2Appropriators live in the Dhap village irrigating their land by Dhap Kulo and Subedar Ko Kulo.1,530,52,52501Pahadi2Chhetri, Brahmin.1Hindu1Nepali15,52,52,53,53,5-24,52,51,53,52,51,56,5-2-24443,54,51,51,52,52,51,41,53,53,51,5-26,5
123,1Appropriators live in the Dhap village irrigating their land by Dhap Kolu and Subedar Ko Kulo and Dovan Swar Ko Kulo.1,5-1-11-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-152,52,53,53,5-24,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2442,43,44,5-11,52,52,51,51,53,43,41,5-26,5
123,2Appropriators live in the Dhap village irrigating their land by Dhap Kolu and Subedar Ko Kulo and Dovan Swar Ko Kulo.1,595,54,52502Pahadi2Chhetries, Tamang2Hindu/Buddhism2Nepali/Tamang252,52,53,53,5-24,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-24443,54,51,51,51,51,51,53,53,52,52,5-26,5
124,1The appropriators live in Ward No.5 of Lekhark Tar Village in Thamlangtar Dhap Village Panchayat.1,550,52,52,4-12,4Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,53,5-23,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2442,4-13,5-11,51,52,42,45,4-1-11,4-26,5
124,2The appropriators live in Ward No.5 of Lekhark Tar Village in Thamlangtar Dhap Village Panchayat.1,574,53,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi2,5Brahmins, Chhetries and Tamang1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,52,53,53,5-23,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-24443,53,53,51,51,51,52,55,51,51,54,51000.46,5
125,1The present 6 beneficiaries built the system by their collective efforts in order to irrigate their lands in Dovan Swar Fant. They all live in Dhap Village.1,56,51,52,3-11,4Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-11,4-11,51,53,43,4-22,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-243,4-1-12,53,41,51,5-1-1-11,3-11,5-16,5
125,2In the beginning, only 6 beneficiaries built the system by their collective efforts in order to irrigate their lands in Dovan Swar. Now after WECS/IIMI program the facility is extended to 11 farmers.1,511,51,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Tamang, Chhetries2,5Hindu, Buddhist2,5Nepali, Tamang1,5-22,51,53,53,5-22,52,51,53,52,51,56,5-2-24443,52,51,51,51,51,51,53,52,51,52,51000.46,5
126,1The appropriators live in Wards No. 7, 8, and 9. They irrigate their lands with Magar Kulo, Karki Mane Kulo and some springs.1,5800,56,52,4-11,4Tibeto-Burman-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,53,5-26,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2443,32,46,5-11,51,5-11,53,43,42,41,4106,5
126,2The appropriators live in Wards No. 7, 8, and 9. They irrigate their lands with Magar Kulo, Karki Mane Kulo and some springs.1,5183,54,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman2,5Tamang, Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali/Tamang2,5-22,52,53,53,5-26,52,51,54,51,51,56,5-2-2443,52,56,52,51,51,52,51,53,53,52,54,51000.56,5
127,1The appropriators live in Lekhark Tar Village. They irrigat their lands with water from Siran Ko Kulo, Mjha Ko Kulo, Soti Bagar Ko Kulo, and Ghatta Muhan Ko Kulo.1,581,53,52,4-12,4-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,43,4-22,5-1-12,31,3-1-1-2-2442,4-12,5-11,5-2-11,43,41,4-11,4-16,5
127,2The appropriators live in Lekhark Tar Village. They irrigat their lands with water from Siran Ko Kulo, Mjha Ko Kulo, Soti Bagar Ko Kulo, and Ghatta Muhan Ko Kulo.1,560,53,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,52,52,52,53,53,5-22,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-2442,52,52,51,51,51,51,51,53,51,51,54,51000.46,5
128,1The appropriators live in Lekhark Tar Village and irrigate their lands with water from Siran Ko Kulo, Majha Ko Kulo, Soti Bagar Ko Kulo and Ghatta Muhan Ko Kulo.1,563,53,52-12Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,43,4-14,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2441,4-14,5-11,51,5-1-15,42,4-1-1-16,5
128,2The appropriators live in Lekhark Tar Village and irrigate their lands with water from Siran Ko Kulo, Majha Ko Kulo, Soti Bagar Ko Kulo and Ghatta Muhan Ko Kulo.1,5144,54,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri, Brahmin and Newar1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,52,53,53,5-24,52,51,54,52,51,56,5-2-2443,53,54,51,51,51,51,52,55,52,51,54,51000.46,5
129,1The appropriators live in Lekhar Tar Village and irrigate their land with water from Siran Ko Kulo, Majha Ko Kulo, Soti Bagar Ko Kulo, and Ghatta Muhan Ko Kulo.1,5-1-12,4-12,4-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,53,4-26,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-241,44-16,3-11,51,5-11,35,32,3-11,3-16,5
129,2The appropriators live in Lekhar Tar Village and irrigate their land with water from Siran Ko Kulo, Majha Ko Kulo, Soti Bagar Ko Kulo, and Ghatta Muhan Ko Kulo.1,581,53,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,52,53,53,5-26,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-243,53,52,56,51,51,51,51,51,33,52,51,54,51000.46,5
131,1This subgroup is comprised of the 100 households living in Ward #9 of Dubachaur Keureni Panchayat who have access to the system.1,5100,53,52,4-12,5Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,42,43,43,4-2-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2442,5-1-1-11,51,5-12,31,3-1-1-1-16,5
131,2This subgroup is comprised of the 100 households living in Ward #9 of Dubachaur Keureni Panchayat who have access to the system.1,562,53,52,5502,5Tamang1,5Tamang1,5Buddhism2,5Nepali/Tamang-1-11,51,53,53,5-2-12,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-2443,51,52,51,51,51,51,52,53,52,51,52,50100.46,5
132,1The subgroup is comprised of appropriators living at Ward No. 9 of Duba Chaur Village Panchayat and irrigating their lands with water from this system.1,580,53,52,4-12,4Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,43,4-2-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2442,5-1-1-11,51,5-1-11,4-1-1-1-16,5
132,2The subgroup is comprised of appropriators living at Ward No. 9 of Duba Chaur Village Panchayat and irrigating their lands with water from this system.1,565,53,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi2,5Tamang, Giri2,5Buddhism, Hindu2,5Nepali, Tamang2,5-21,51,53,53,5-2-12,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-2443,51,52,51,51,51,51,52,53,52,51,52,51000.46,5
135,1Appropriators are those 50 households living in Baguwa Village who contributed their efforts to build the system.1,550,51,52,4-12,4Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,43,4-23,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-241,44-13,4-11,51,5-11,5-12,3-11,4-16,5
135,2Appropriators were only 50 households living in Baguwa Village who contributed their efforts to build the system. But now after WECS/IIMI intervention, the number has increased to 88.1,588,52,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins, Chhetri, Tamang.2,5Hindu and Buddhist2,5Nepali, Tamang2,5-21,52,53,53,5-23,52,51,53,5-11,56,5-2-241,52,51,52,52,51,51,51,52,53,53,52,52,51000.46,5
136,1The appropriators in this subgroup are those who live in Baguwa Village irrigating their land by water from Majha Ko Kulo.1,4100,53,52-14Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-11,51,53,53,5-23,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-242,44-13,4-11,51,5-11,4-13,3-11,4-16,5
136,2The appropriators in this subgroup are those who live in Baguwa Village irrigating their land by water from Majha Ko Kulo.1,5116,54,52,5502,5Pahadi and Tibeto-Burman2,5Tamangs and Chhetries, Brahmin2,5Hindu and Buddhist2,5Nepali and Tamang2,51,51,51,51,53,5-23,52,51,53,52,51,56,5-2-241,51,51,52,51,51,51,51,51,55,51,51,54,501. Mai6,5
138,1This subgroup is composed of appropriators living at Baguwa Village who use the water from Tallo Chapleti Ko Kulo to irrigate their lands. Majority are Chhetri and Jaisis are the second largest group.1,5125,44,42,4-12,4Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,53,5-2-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2444-1-1-11,41,4-1-11,4-1-11,4-16,5
138,2This subgroup is composed of appropriators living at Baguwa Village who use the water from Tallo Chapleti Ko Kulo to irrigate their lands. Majority are Chhetri and Jaisis are the second largest group.1,518,53,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri, Newar, Brahmins.2,5Hindu/Budhist1,5Nepali1,5-11,52,53,53,5-2-12,51,53,5-11,56,5-2-242,52,51,52,51,51,51,51,51,55,51,53,52,51000.46,5
139,1Appropriators in this subgroup are those who live in Ward No. 9 of Shikharpur Panchayat using water from Baghmara Ko Kulo. They are all tenants cultivating lands belonging to Mr. Shrestha.1,510,51,52,4-12,4Majhis-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,53,5-22,4-1-1-1-1-13,4-2-24443,32,33,41,51,5-12,4-11,5-11,5-16,5
139,2Appropriators in this subgroup are those who live in Ward No. 9 of Shikharpur Panchayat using water from Baghmara Ko Kulo. They are all tenants cultivating lands belonging to Mr. Shrestha.1,516,51,52,5502,5Tharu2,5Majhi1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-21,52,53,53,5-22,42,51,52,51,51,53,5-2-24443,52,52,51,51,51,51,53,51,51,52,51000.46,5
140,1All appropriators live in Aanpchaur Village and use water from Chap Bot Ko Kulo to irrigate the lands.1,5150,54,52,4-12,4Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,42,43,43,4-23,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-242,42,3-13,4-11,41,4-12,43,5-1-11,4-26,5
140,2All appropriators live in Aanpchaur Village and use water from Chap Bot Ko Kulo to irrigate the lands.1,557,552,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Majhi, Newar1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,52,51,51,53,53,5-23,52,5-13,52,51,56,5-2-243,53,52,53,51,51,51,51,52,55,51,51,52,51000.46,5
141,1The appropriators live in Bhansbari village and Bhote Chaur village. They belong to Tamang, Brahmin, Kshetri and Newar Communities....1,5250,55,52-12Tibeto-Burman, Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,52,53,53,5-2-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-24-12,4-1-1-11,51,5-12,33,5-1-1-1-16,5
141,2The appropriators live in Bhansbari village and Bhote Chaur village. They belong to Tamang, Brahmin, Chhetri Communities....1,5141,54,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman, Pahadi2,5Brahmins, Chhetries, Tamang2,5Hindu, Buddhist2,5Nepali, Tamang.2,52,52,52,53,53,5-24,52,5-13,51,53,56,5-2-241,52,52,5-12,51,51,51,51,53,51,51,5-1-16,5
142,1Brahmin and Chhetriya constitute the bulk of the village population. The land holding pattern is diversified. Rice is the main crop. Some farmers cultivate vegetables for commercial purposes. . . .1,31090,57,51,3-11,3Pahadi1,3Brahmin1,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-17,5-1-13,33,32,36,5-2-2-13,23,22,3-12,31,51,5-1-1-12,31,3-1-16,5
143,2Majority of people in Jajara village are Brahmins and Chhetriya whereas in Gurgain the majority of people are Tharus. The land holding is relatively wider in Gurgain than in Jajara. ...1,588,53,52,5502,5Pahadi, Tharu2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Tharu2,5-21,51,53,53,5-26,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-241,51,51,52,52,51,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
144,1Most of the land in command area is owned by the Tushara village people. Only 20% of the land in command area is owned by people of Torbang village panchayat. Most of the land holders are. . .1,3-1-11,3-21,3Pahadi1,3Chhetriya1,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-1-1-1-13,22,21,3-1-2-2-1442,3-14,3-1-12,3-1-11,31,3-1-16,3
145,1Farmers of the area have their own experience on the maintenance of the system and are quite capable of system maintenance in an organized way.1,351,53,51,3-11,3Pahadi1,3Chhetriya1,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-12,2-1-12,32,32,3-1-2-2-1-141,3-12,31,31,3-11,3-11,31,3-1-16,5
147,1One subgroup, mostly Magars. No particular name for the group. People live in Munkot Village Panchayat.-140,52,51,3-11,3Tibeto-Burman1,3Magar1,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-12,3-1-1-1-12,5-1-13,33,3-1-1-2-1444-12,33,41,42,3-12,33,42,41,41,406,5
148,1not in Rbase, only in Access, UF1,3-1-11,3-12,3Pahadi1,3Chhetriya2,3Hindu2,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,32,32,36,2-2-2-11,3-12,3-12,31,31,3-1-12,31,3-16,5
150,2Tharus are accepted as the original inhabitants in the area who developed the old irrigation system and started cultivation. Chaudhari caste of Tharu community holds more than 80% of the land . . .1,5300,55,51,5-12,5Tharu2,5Tharu1,5Hindu3,5Tharu3,5-21,51,53,53,53,57,32,51,52,53,51,56,5-2-23,53,52,51,52,53,51,51,51,52,55,51,51,54,51000.56,5
151,1The group includes farmers in the five canals within the Dharmabati Irrigation System.1,4-1-12,5-12,4Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-11,51,53,53,5-28,3-1-1-12,32,5-1-2-243,34-28,3-11,5-12,32,33,32,3-11,3-16,5
152,2In ancient times Tharus were the main dominant casts, but they were gradually replaced by other people mainly from Salyan. Land holding patterns are almost equal so farmers do cultivate their land...1,5500,35,31,5-11,5Pahadi1,5Kshetri (Chhettri)1,5Hindu1,5Nepali-1-11,52,3-1-1-16,3-1-12,32,32,3-1-2-2-1-1-1-1-1-11,51,5-12,3-12,31,3-1-16,5
154,2Due to migration from the outside, the society in this area has turned into a heterogeneous one. Although the Tharu community forms one of the major ethnic groups, they hold only 5% of total land...1,5255,55,51,5502,5Pahadi1,5Chhetriya1,5Hindu2,5Nepali1,5-21,53,53,53,5-27,52,51,53,52,52,54,5-2-242,52,51,52,52,51,52,5-11,54,51,51,54,50000.56,5
155,1Taplek -- Distinct service area for Tallo Kulo. Along with Pokhariya, has senior rights. 2ha of land, 20% of the water. Canal first served this area.1,5-1-11,50,5-1-1-1-11,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-11,51,51,53,53,57,5-1-13,4-1-16,51,51,53,43,43,43,42,53,52,42,52,41,51,41,41,31,310002,5
156,1Phalebas Tallo Kulo. Appropriators are characterized not by caste or ethnicity but by having irrigation rights.1,5366,55,5-1-1-1Pahadi-1-1-1Hindu-1Nepali-1-11,51,51,53,53,55,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-242,32,3-1-2-11,51,5-12,5-12,3-14,5-16
157,180% of the population within the irrigated area Tharu. There are 30 within the command area. Most of the land is cultivated by landowner. It is easy to employ labor from outside the command area.1,31400,57,31,3-12,3Tharu2,3Tharu2,3Hindu2,3Tharu-1-11,31,3-1-1-15,5-1-1-13,32,35,3-2-2-1442,3-12,31,51,5-1-1-12,31,3-1-16,5
158,2Absence of established villages in command area. At least 3/4 of land at Phewa is owned by farmers living in Pokhara who commute to field by bus when necessary. Land holdings distributed equitably.1,5500,55,52,5502,5Pahadi and Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmin , Chhetri, Newar1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-27,52,52,53,52,52,56,5-2-24442,52,52,52,52,5-12,51,52,52,51,50000.56,5
159,2Almost all farmers are Brahmins and Chhetries, and they dominate irrigation committtee. There is no distinct subgroup, although there are large, medium and small land-holding farmers.1,55456,52,5501,5Pahadis2,5Brahmin and Chhetri1,5Hindus1,5Nepali1,51,51,53,53,53,5-28,32,52,54,52,52,56,5-21,543,53,51,52,52,52,52,52,52,51,52,51,51,50000.46,5
160,2Next to Char Hazaar. Mostly Brahmin. On Sarge Khola.1,4300,55,52,50,51,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,53,43,53,53,53,53,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-242,52,51,53,53,51,52,52,52,52,52,41,51,54000.56,5
161,2Panch Kanya Samiti (Committee). Most of the appropriators live in Sisai, Dhikuwa, and Mohana.1,5300,45,52,5552,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri2,5HIndu2,5Nepali2,5-22,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-241,51,52,52,54,51,51,51,51,54,52,51,52,50000.56,5
162,1Farmers living at the Raghunath Pur Block at the west bank of the system.2,3-1-12,5-13,5Madishe-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-13,43,43,43,43,42,4-1-1-12,4-13,3-2-2444-2-1-12,42,4-11,3-1-1-11,51006,5
163,1There is potential for the farmers to become divided into the indigenous and the immigrant, but they still live together well. For this reason I treated them as one group.-12000,47,51,3-11,3-11,3-11,3-11,3Nepali1,3-23,53,43,33,33,33,5-1-1-13,3-15,4-11,32,32,343,43,4-11,32,32,32,31,45,43,41,41006,5
164,2The subgroup is the entire set of appropriators.1,51000,47,51,5502,5Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri, Gurung2,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Gurung, Tamang2,51,51,51,54,53,53,53,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-21,541,541,53,54,51,51,52,52,54,51,51,54,51000.56,5
165,2Even though there are a few people who suffered from their powerlessness, they are treated as part of one group. It is because there is no information on them and there are not many of them.1,568,53,52,5552,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri, Thakuri, Magar,Gurung1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,53,53,53,53,58,52,51,53,52,51,55,5-2-242,52,51,52,53,51,51,52,52,54,51,52,51,5-26,5
166,2Appropriators using the Satra Say irrigation system.1,577,53,52,5502,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmin, Chhetri and Magars.1,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Magar2,5-22,52,53,53,5-27,52,51,54,51,51,56,5-2-242,542,52,52,51,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
167,2This group possess an informal, but very alert and active organization.2,580,53,51,50,51,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri, Gurung,Magar1,5Hindu2,5Nepali1,51,52,53,53,53,53,57,42,51,54,52,52,56,5-2-242,52,53,52,53,51,51,51,52,54,52,51,52,506,5
168,2Two groups: Tharus & new immigrants. Not separate subgroups because 1) they have basically common interests 2) new immigrants adjust to Tharus, and 3) they follow same rules & have same legal rights.1,5250,55,52,5502,5Tharu2,5Tharus1,5Hindu2,5Tharu, Nepali2,5-21,51,53,53,5-27,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-243,53,53,53,52,51,51,52,51,55,51,51,52,50000.56,5
169,2Farmers getting water from Auraha Irrigation constitute one subgroup. One important characteristic of the subgroup is the prevalence of very powerful, larger landholders. . . .1,5200,54,52,50,52,5Tharus and Pahadi2,5brahmin,chhetriya1,5hindu2,5Tharu, Nepali2,53,52,52,53,53,5-27,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-242,53,53,52,53,51,52,52,52,51,51,51,51,506,5
170,1There are the farmers using the Kerabari Irrigation system. Although there are two committees (one for each sub-system), they have a common chairman and work closely together.1,5-1-12,5-12,5Pahadi2,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-11,51,53,53,5-23,5-1-14,51,5-16,5-2-2-11,443,33,53,41,51,5-12,35,41,5-12,3-16,5
171,1Farmers irrigating their land using water from Laxmi Canal.1,4150,44,42,4-13,4Pahadi-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-11,51,53,53,5-23,5-1-1-1-1-14,3-2-241,41,3-13,5-11,51,5-12,3-12,4-1-1-16,5
175,1Majority of users are Brahmins followed by Gurung, Magar and Chhetries who live within the command area. They all practice same cropping pattern and same technology. Thus, no need to make sub-groups.1,5194,54,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Gurung, Magar, Chhetr1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,52,51,53,53,53,5-22,52,52,54,52,52,56,5-2-242,52,52,52,53,5-12,52,51,52,52,51,52,50000.56,5
176,1Out of 64 pump units, 15 are pilot units which are provided various assists from the project manager. I treated all 64 units as one group, however, since they all have almost the same legal rights.1,44039,58,51,30,491,3tharus1,3-11,3-11,3Nepali1,3-21,43,33,33,33,32,5-11,4-12,3-15,3-2-243,34-12,5-12,42,52,31,31,34,32,34,206,5
177,1The users live on the other side of the irrigation fields across the Paudi Khola. The group is homogeneous in terms of community cohesion, cultivation practices,, thus no need to have more than one su1,5513,46,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Newar, Chhetri.1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,52,51,51,53,53,5-23,52,52,53,52,52,56,5-2-243,53,51,52,54,52,52,52,52,51,52,52,51,50100.56,5
183,2Among the population, 60% are Newars, the main inhabitants of Kathmandu valley.1,5350,55,52,50,52,5Tibeto-Burman,Pahadi2,5Newars,Chhatri2,5Hindu or Buddhists3,5Newari2,5-22,52,53,53,53,56,42,52,53,52,52,55,5-2-242,52,52,53,53,51,51,52,51,53,52,51,52,50000.56,5
185,1The major inhabitants of this area are Brahmins. During the spring season whoever goes to the Kulo first takes water first.1,360,53,51,3-11,3Pahadi1,3Brahmin1,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-11,5-1-1-1-14,3-1-13,32,32,36,3-2-2-1441,3-12,31,51,5-11,3-12,31,3-1-16,5
187,2Not much information on the groups. No informationon residence. Mostly Chhetris, Newars and Tamangs.1,5400,55,52,5502,5Pahadi and Indo-Burman2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Tamang, Newari2,5-21,51,53,53,53,55,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-2-23,53,52,51,52,53,51,51,51,52,51,52,51,51,50100.56,5
188,1Magars and Gurungs in Ward #2 of Kotatar Village, Kota Village Panchayat.1,528,32,31,5501,5Tibeto-Burman, Pahadi1,5Magar, Gurung1,5Hindu1,5Nepali, Gurung-1-11,51,2-13,53,56,5-11,42,41,3-16,5-2-22,32,32,32,4-13,41,51,5-12,33,4-1-13,4-16,5
189,1Group of 45 families, mostly Magar, who have the ability to define who is and is not a member of irrigation system.1,545,52,52,5-12,5Tibeto-Burman, Pahadi2,5Magar, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,51,41,41,43,53,54,4-11,52,4-1-16,5-2-242,42,41,44,33,31,51,51,42,34,51,41,44,40000.36,5
190,2The system was originally built by Tharus to irrigate their land. About 30-40 years ago Brahmins started to buy lands from Tharus and settle there.1,545,52,51,50,52,5Tharu2,5Tharu2,5Hindu2,5Tharu2,5-22,52,53,53,53,57,52,55,52,53,52,53,5-21,542,51,51,52,52,51,51,51,52,51,51,51,54,5-26,5
191,2This group recently started to pay attention to the importance and potential of a water user's organization.1,5400,55,52,5502,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmin, Chhetri,Magar,Jiri..1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,53,57,52,52,54,42,41,46,5-2-24442,52,53,51,51,51,52,51,51,51,51,51000.56,5
192,11,3750,36,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-21,51,5-13,33,32,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-242,42,3-1-1-11,51,5-1-1-12,41,3-1-16,5
193,2Mostly Brahmins form tailend of system and are never sure of amount of water they will get. They are, therefore, excused from maintenance work and payment of fees.1,5500,55,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,53,58,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-2-242,52,51,53,53,51,51,52,52,53,52,51,52,5-16,5
194,1Tharu people are the majority. They are agricultural laborers, farmers, as well as Zamindar. At present, two distinct groups of people, Tharus and Pahadis, are found in the command area.1,3700,26,21,3-12,3Tharu2,3Tharu1,3Hindu2,3Tharu-1-11,3-1-1-1-16,3-1-13,33,32,3-1-2-2-1441,3-12,31,31,3-1-1-12,31,3-1-16,3
195,2All appropriators of the system constitute one subgroup. They all live in the Badachaur village and rely on the irrigation system coded in this form. Total population is 350.1,570,53,52,50,51,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin and Chhetriya1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,52,52,53,53,5-25,52,51,52,52,52,56,5-2-2442,52,52,52,51,51,52,52,54,52,51,52,50000.56,5
196,2Sirsia-Dudhaura Irrigation System Water Users Association comprising of 13 members including one chairman, one vice-chairman, one secretary, and 10 members. One member is engineer from the District...2,53000,38,32,5502,5Madeshi2,5Yadav, Sah, Mahato2,5Hindu2,5Bhojpuri2,5-21,54,53,53,53,54,52,51,54,52,52,56,5-2-243,51,51,52,53,51,52,51,52,54,53,52,54,51100.56,5
197,1The villagers live in the same village, have same cultivation practices and share same cultural patterns, thus no need to make sub-groups.1,559,53,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins, Magars1,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Magar2,52,51,51,53,53,5-27,52,52,53,51,51,56,5-2-242,52,51,52,52,51,51,51,52,53,51,51,54,50000.56,5
199,2Gadkhar Irrigation Project. All farmers living on the TAR between the Likhu and Tadi rivers.1,5443,55,52,50,51,5Pahadi2,5Rai1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-21,51,53,53,5-22,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-23,33,43,31,52,54,51,51,52,52,52,52,53,54,50000.56,5
200,2The population of Tharu is the highest but the Chhetri community is influential and better off. The land is unequally distributed.1,5287,45,51,5-12,5Tharu2,5Tharu2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-21,51,53,51,5-27,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-2-241,51,51,52,52,51,51,52,52,51,52,51,51,50000.56,5
201,2Although there are sub-systems, there is insufficient information to code separately, so this subgroup includes all farmers in the Kodku system.1,55000,58,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman2,5Newar, Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Newari1,5-21,51,53,53,5-24,52,52,54,53,52,55,5-2-242,51,51,53,54,51,51,51,51,55,52,52,54,50000.56,5
202,1Appropriators live at Vishal Nagar and use the water from the system for wheat cultivation. The Newar is the largest ethnic group. The average family size is 6.12.1,4-1-12,4-12,4Tibeto-Burman-1-1-1-12,4-1-1-12,42,43,43,4-22,5-1-12,42,4-1-1-2-242,42,4-12,4-11,51,51,31,55,42,4-14,5-16,4
203,1Almost all families of those who own land are from Brahmin Caste. Due to high numbers of educated people per family, the shift of people from cultivation to other ocupations is increasing . . .1,360,52,51,3-11,3Pahadi1,3Brahmin1,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-13,3-1-13,32,32,35,3-2-2-1442,3-12,31,31,3-1-1-12,31,3-1-16,5
204,2Most farmers in this group have no interest in organizing water weirs organizations, and participate in maintenance of the system.2,5400,55,52,5502,5Tibeto-Burman and Pahadi2,5Rai, Magar, Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,52,53,53,5-22,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-2-243,541,52,54,52,52,52,51,51,55,53,51,51006,5
205,2There is no need to divide into subgroups since the composition is homogeneous.1,560,53,52,5502,5Tharu, Pahadi2,5Tharu, Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-21,51,53,53,5-24,53,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-242,52,53,53,52,51,51,51,51,54,52,52,51,51000.56,5
206,2This subgroup consists of 60% Tharu and 30% Pahadis but there is no basis for subgroup. The cultivation practices are the same.1,5200,54,52,5502,5Tharu Pahadi2,5Tharu, Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Tharu, Nepali2,5-21,51,53,53,5-26,33,51,53,53,52,56,5-2-243,53,53,52,52,51,51,52,51,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
207,2Kharkhutte water user's committee. Most of the appropriators live in Kharkhutte Village.1,572,53,52,5502,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,53,53,53,53,54,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-242,52,51,53,52,51,51,52,52,54,51,51,52,51000.56,5
208,2Due to only 8 users (Brahmin and Chhetri) using at the same place, no needs of formal organization.1,58,51,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-23,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-24443,52,53,51,51,52,52,51,52,51,51,510006,5
209,2Kharkhutte Tallo Kulo Samiti and most of the appropriators live in Kharkhutte and Sunoli.1,575,53,52,5502,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,53,53,53,53,54,52,51,52,53,52,56,5-2-242,52,51,53,53,51,51,52,52,54,52,51,52,510006,5
211,2This is a nine-member water users system. Cultivation practices and technology are the same for the entire system. There is no need for more than one subgroup.1,5295,55,52,5502,5Pahadi, Tharu2,5Chhetri, Brahmin, Tharu1,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Tharu2,5-21,51,53,53,5-25,52,52,53,52,52,56,5-2-241,51,51,53,52,51,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,50100.56,5
212,2Kapiya Water Users Group. Most of the appropriators live in Kapiya village.1,590,53,52,5502,5Tharus2,5Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Tharu2,51,52,53,53,53,53,54,52,51,52,52,52,56,5-2-242,52,51,52,53,51,51,52,51,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
213,2It is said that there are 3 sub-systems, which have their own organization. But we treated them as a branch since all of them have very similar rules and organization.1,5400,55,51,5502,5Pahadi, Tharus, Tibeto-Burman2,5Tharu, Brahmin, Chhetri2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,52,53,53,53,55,52,51,52,52,52,55,5-2-242,52,51,52,52,51,51,52,51,54,52,51,52,51000.56,5
214,22/3rd of the farmers are small farmers, 16 members in WUA. Majority of the farmers being small farmers, the WUA executive emmers are also from them.1,567,53,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins, Chhetries1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-22,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-242,52,52,52,52,51,51,51,52,51,51,51,52,50000.56,5
215,1There is no indication that more than one subgroup exists.1,4-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-11,51,4-1-1-11,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2444-1-2-1-11,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-16,5
221,2This group just started to do something for maintenance of this system, but how much the committee could achieve is yet to be seen.1,550,52,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-23,52,51,53,52,51,56,5-2-242,51,51,53,54,52,52,52,51,52,53,52,52,50000.56,5
222,2Though the system was expanded in 1967, the water never reached Sajhatar.(actually only for three months).2,5170,54,51,5501,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin, Chhetri, Kumal,Gurung1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,53,53,53,5-23,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-2-242,52,51,5-23,51,52,51,51,54,52,51,52,5-26,5
223,1not in Rbase, only in Access, UF1,316,51,51,361,3Pahadi1,3Brahmin and Chhetriya1,3Hindu1,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-12,3-1-12,33,33,3-1-2-2-1-1-21,3-12,31,31,3-12,3-12,3-1-16,3
225,2All farmers appropriating water from the resource.1,5110,54,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,53,58,52,52,54,52,51,56,5-2-242,52,52,53,52,51,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,506,5
226,1Very few beneficiaries are big farmers (hold less than 2.7 ha each). Thus there is not significant gap between rich and poor in the area. Most beneficiaries are Brahmin and Chhetriya. 10% are Tamangs.1,3317,55,51,3-12,3Pahadi2,3Brahmin, Chhetriya2,3Hindu2,3Nepali-1-11,31,53,5-1-14,5-11,3-11,5-16,5-2-2-1-1-12,3-12,31,31,5-12,5-12,31,3-1-16,5
227,2When the system was washed out after the rehabilitation, farmers were unable to reconstruct the system again. CARE/N provided 2 pump sets as a compensation for the system failure. Farmers use ......1,537,52,52,5502,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri,Brahmin,Gurungs,Sarkie1,5Hindu1,3Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-23,52,52,52,51,51,56,5-2-2441,51,52,54,51,51,52,52,55,52,51,52,50000.56,5
228,2The beneficiary farmers largely belong to the Magar group. They have demonstrated unprecedented ethnic unity in the creation as well as maintenance of the system. Decisions are mostly nanimous.1,573,53,52,5501,5Tibeto-Burman1,5Magar1,5Hindu1,5Magar1,51,52,52,53,53,53,52,52,51,54,51,51,56,5-2-242,52,51,52,53,51,51,51,52,51,51,51,52,50000.56,5
229,11,3318,55,51,3-12,3-12,3-11,3Hindu2,3Nepali-1-11,31,53,5-1-15,5-1-1-13,3-1-12,3-1-12,3-13,3-1-11,51,51,31,5-12,32,3-1-1-1
230,1Upon completion of the new scheme a water users group was formed from among the beneficiaries....Upon arrival at the village the entire organizational structure was dissolved because of opposition...1,346,53,51,3-12,3Pahadi2,3-12,3-12,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,32,32,36,5-2-1-1-1-12,3-12,31,51,51,3-1-12,31,3-1-16,5
231,1Balthali village has inhabitants belonging to different races. Brahmin and Chhetriya, though in minority, have more power due to larger land holdings. Tamang and Magars have land in the high . . .1,3154,54,51,3-12,3Tibeto-Burman2,3Tamang2,3Buddhist2,3Nepali-1-11,3-1-1-1-13,3-1-12,32,32,36,3-2-2-1-1-12,3-12,31,51,51,3-1-11,3-1-1-16,5
232,1About 90% of the families belong to Brahmin or Chhetriya casts. All 61 families own and operate their land. Based on income survey only one beneficiary was classified as large farmer. . . .1,561,53,51,3-12,3Pahadi2,3-11,3Hindu2,3Nepali-1-11,33,53,33,3-1-12,3-12,32,3-16,3-2-2-1-1-12,3-1-11,51,51,32,5-11,31,3-1-16,5
233,1Most farmers own and operate their own land. Most of the families belong to Brahmin and Chhetriya casts. They migrated mostly from the adjoining Pyuthan Hills. All beneficiaries are members of SFDP...1,5225,55,51,3-11,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin1,5Hindus1,5Nepali1,5-11,51,53,5-1-1-1-1-13,32,32,36,3-2-1-1-1-12,3-13,31,51,51,31,2-12,51,5-1-16,5
234,2Tulsi is a new settlement area inhabited by hill migrants from Sindhuli and Ramechhap districts during 1961-63. The scheme has a total of 101 beneficiary farmers. Almost all households are pure . . .1,5117,54,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri, Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-24,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-243,52,52,52,52,51,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
235,2The head villages (Kuwapani and Ambote) have the benefit of receiving adequate water without being imposed any locational rules due to their locational advantage. Main crops are paddy, maize, wheat.1,532,52,52,5502,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali-1-11,51,53,53,53,52,52,51,53,53,51,55,5-2-242,53,51,52,53,51,51,52,52,55,51,51,52,5-26,5
236,116 beneficiary households of Bandarpa village cultivate 14 ha of the command area. Villagers belong to Chhetriya community and are all related to each other. The biggest landholder is . . .1,316,51,51,3-11,5Pahadi1,5Chhetriya1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,3-11,5-1-1-1-1-1-1-12,31,32,36,3-2-2-1-1-1-1-1-11,51,51,22,3-12,31,3-106,5
237,1Of the total beneficiaries, more than 50% are ethnic Tharu people. However, they were underrepresented in the water management committee.1,3100,54,51,3-12,3Tharu1,3Tharu1,3Hindu2,3Tharu-1-11,5-13,3-1-13,3-1-12,32,32,36,3-1-1-1-1-12,3-13,21,51,21,3-1-12,31,3-1-16,5
238,2. . . There are 71 tenants mostly involved in the nearby agro-forestry project. Many of these tenants operate land in command area under lease from the large farmers.1,5250,55,52,5502,5Tharu2,5Tharu, Muslim2,5Hindu, Muslim2,5Maithili2,5-22,52,53,53,53,57,52,51,52,53,52,54,5-2-241,52,51,52,52,51,51,52,52,54,52,51,54,51000.56,5
239,2Constant monitoring is required to stop other irrigation systems at the upstream and downstream from manipulating water allocation. There has been frequent minor disputes with other system farmers...1,576,53,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-22,52,51,52,52,52,56,5-2-242,52,52,53,53,51,51,52,51,53,52,51,52,5-26,5
240,1Due to plurality in the ethnic group composition it is always difficult to arrive at unanimity for community decisions. Employment is largly agricultural.1,337,52,51,3-12,3-12,3-12,3-12,3-1-1-11,3-1-1-1-13,5-1-13,32,3-1-1-2-2-1-1-12,3-1-11,51,51,3-1-1-1-1-1-16,5
241,290% of participants are Brahmins and Chhetries. The WUG is dominated by the large (above average land holdings) Brahmin farmers only. There are 10% Tamang beneficiaries who are new...1,562,53,52,5502,5Pahadi (hill people)2,5Brahmins1,5Hindu2,5Nepali1,51,53,51,53,53,5-22,52,51,53,52,51,56,5-2-242,541,52,53,51,51,52,51,55,52,52,52,511006,5
242,1Magars living on a TAR on southern bank of Kali Gandaki.1,5553,51,5-11,5Tibeto-Burman1,5Magar1,5Hindu1,5Magar, Nepali-1-11,51,53,53,53,57,3-1-12,31,3-15,5-2-23,32,42,42,47,43,51,51,51,32,54,52,42,41,406,5
248,1Pokhariya1,529,52,51,5-11,5Tibeto-Burman1,5Magar1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-11,51,51,53,53,54,5-11,33,31,3-16,52,51,53,33,43,42,4-13,51,52,5-12,51,41,41,31,303,5
249,1Chherlung is the largest sub-group of Tallo Kulo -- controls about 40% of the water.1,5-1-11-11Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman1Magar and Brahmin1Hindu1Nepali111,51,51,53,53,52,5-11,5-1-1-16,32,51,543,32,51,52,53,51,52,5-12,55,52,52,54,503,5
250,1Artunga is approximately 8km from production resource. Irrigation was brought here after the intervention of the Distict Government. It has the least reliable supply of water.1-1-11-11Tibeto-Burman1Magar1Hindu1Nepali-1-11,51,53,53,53,51,5-11,52,4-1-16,33,52,5441,51,52,53,52,51,5-11,55,31,41,34,406,5
251,128 families, mostly Brahmin. These people ONLY have rights to water. 'Land' neighbors are also 'house' neighbors.1,528,52,5-1-11,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,51,51,53,53,53,58,5-11,33,41,41,26,4-2-2443,53,32,53,41,51,5-12,55,42,51,51,406,5
252,2Almost all farmers (85%) are Brahmins and Chhetris, and they dominate the irrigation committee but there is no reason to divide the rest of the lower caste people into subgroups.1,5285,55,52,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins and Chettri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,53,53,53,5-27,52,51,54,52,52,56,5-21,53,53,53,51,52,54,51,52,52,52,51,52,51,51,50000.46,5
253,2Brahmins and Chhetris constitute 80% of the population. Darais constitute 20% but this is not a sufficient reason to divide into 2 subgroups.1,555,53,52,5501,5Pahadi1,5Brahmins1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,51,53,53,53,5-24,52,52,43,41,51,56,5-21,5443,52,52,52,51,51,5-12,51,41,51,5-10000.46,5
255,2More than two-thirds of the farmers are Magars and they dominate the irrigation committee, but there is no reason to divide Magars and the other castes into subgroups.1,568,53,52,50,51,5Pahadis1,5Magars1,5Hindus1,5Nepali1,5-11,53,53,53,5-24,52,52,44,41,51,56,5-21,5443,51,53,42,51,51,5-12,53,41,51,5-10000.46,5
256,1Although 28% of the appropriators are lower caste people, there is only one subgroup as there is no difference in the patterns of participation.1,5523,51,50,51,5Pahadi2,4Brahmin, Chhetri, Damai, Kamis1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,51,43,53,53,5-27,32,41,53,42,41,46,5-21,53,53,53,52,52,42,51,51,51,52,53,41,51,31,50000.46,5
257,1Gurungs live adjacent to head of system. Mostly their irrigated land is in the head. The cultural practices of this group differ from that of the other groups. They occupy nearly 1/3 of command area.1,52155,51,5501,5Tibeto-Burman1,5Gurungs1,5Buddhists1,5Gurung1,51,51,53,53,53,5-29,22,52,55,42,42,46,51,51,53,33,33,31,42,42,51,51,51,42,51,51,51,51,50000.53,5
258,11,5410,45,41,5501,5Pahadis1,5Brahmins, Chhetries1,5Hindus1,5Nepali1,51,51,43,53,53,4-27,32,52,33,42,42,46,5-21,53,43,43,41,52,52,41,51,52,41,51,42,41,41,30000.36,5
260,2Most of them are approprieters but few are expected to use water from the resource.1,5240,55,52,50,52,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmins,Chhetris and Gurungs.1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,41,51,51,54,54,53,54,52,51,53,51,52,56,5-22,543,53,51,52,52,51,51,51,52,54,52,52,54,51000.56,5
261,1Brahmin, Newar and Chhetri1,56000,39,51,50,52,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,54,53,53,53,53,52,52,54,54,52,52,56,5-2-243,53,53,52,53,52,52,52,51,51,5-2-21,5-26,5
262,1Brahmins, Chhetries and Newars, Gurung. 7km west of Pokhara.2,53000,48,52,50,52,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmin, Chhetri, Gurung,Magar2,5Hindu, Buddhist2,5Nepali, Gurung, Magar1,51,53,53,53,53,53,52,52,52,53,51,51,56,5-22,542,52,51,52,53,51,52,51,52,54,51,51,54,51000.56,5
263,1The population of Kumal is the highest, but the Brahmin community is influential and better off. The land is unequally distributed.1,5300,55,52,50,52,5Pahadi2,5Kumal, Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,52,53,5-1-23,52,52,53,52,52,56,5-2-2441,51,5-23,51,52,51,51,54,53,52,52,5-26,5
264,11,53000,58,52,50,52,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmin, Chheri, Gurung1,5Hindu1,5Nepali, Gurung1,5-23,53,53,53,53,52,52,52,53,53,51,54,5-2-242,52,51,52,53,52,52,51,52,52,51,51,54,50000.56,5
265,12,5140,54,52,50,52,5Tharu, Pahadi2,5Tharu, Pahadi1,5Hindu2,5Tharu, Nepali2,5-11,51,53,53,5-24,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-2-241,51,51,52,52,51,51,52,52,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
266,2All irrigators who use the water from appropriation.1,5500,56,51,50,552,5Pahadi, tibeto-Burman2,5Brahmins, Chhetris, Gurung,1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,52,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,53,51,52,56,5-2-242,52,51,52,53,51,51,52,52,54,51,51,54,5-26,5
267,1Brahmin and chhetriya people living about Manahari river in Makawanpur district.1,5322,52,50,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin and Chhatriya1,5Hindu1,5Nepali-2-23,52,53,53,53,54,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-242,52,51,52,53,51,51,52,51,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
268,2All the irrigators who use water from this system or those who can convert their upland into lowland paddy field and are within the resource boundary are eligible to become appropriators.1,533,52,52,50,52,5Tharus2,5Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Tharu2,5-22,53,53,53,53,54,52,51,52,52,52,56,5-22,543,51,51,52,52,51,51,52,52,54,51,51,52,51000.56,5
269,1Budadabar Irrigation System, composed of Tharus, BTCs. Grow rice in monsoons and wheat in winter. Dang Valley.1,58,53,51,50,51,5Tharu, Pahadi1,5Tharu, BTC, Yagi1,5Hindu1,5Nepali, Tharu1,5-22,52,53,53,53,58,32,51,43,53,52,54,4-21,541,541,52,53,51,51,51,52,51,51,51,54,50001.56,5
270,1All irrigators who use water from appropriation resource are eligible to become members of the Sisabas Parsauni Water Users Committee.1,5200,55,51,50,552,5Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman, Tharu2,5Brahmin, Newar, Darai, Tharu1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,54,52,52,56,5-2-242,52,51,53,53,51,51,52,52,54,51,51,54,51000.56,5
271,1Chhetri, Brhamin and Gurung live within the command area. Samity is called Butiya Kulo Samity. All farmers seem to be progressive farmers.1,5270,55,52,50,52,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri, Brahmin and Gurung1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,51,5-24,52,51,52,52,52,56,5-2-241,51,52,53,52,51,52,51,52,51,51,51,54,50000.56,5
272,2Tharu-Pahadi ratio is 50-50. Badagaon was a Tharu-dominated area, but now migrants from the hill share the system. However, system is still under management of Tharu.1,5170,55,52,50,52,5Pahadi, Tharu2,5Pahadi, Tharu1,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Tharu2,5-21,51,53,53,5-27,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-241,51,51,53,52,51,51,51,51,54,52,52,52,51000.56,5
273,19% consists of heterogenous group with Pahadi-Tharu mix. But, not necessary to make 2 subgroups. Appropriators live from Bhandara Bazar to different villages.1,5201,55,52,50,52,5Pahadi, Tharu1,5Chandhari, Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali, Tharu2,5-21,51,53,53,53,54,52,51,53,51,51,56,5-2-24443,53,52,51,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
274,11,542,52,52,50,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Magar, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,51,53,53,5-27,52,51,54,51,51,56,5-2-243,53,53,53,53,51,51,51,52,53,51,51,54,50000.56,5
275,1not in Rbase, only in Access, UF1,349,52,51,3-11,3-11,3-11,3-11,3-11,3-13,43,43,43,43,42,4-1-1-22,3-15,3-2-2-1-1-11,3-1-11,5-1-12,31,3-1-1-16,5
277,1This community of irrigators has been functioning for 3 generations.1,5300,55,51,3-12,3-12,3-11,3-12,3-1-1-12,52,3-1-1-15,5-1-13,3-1-1-1-2-24441,3-13,31,51,51,3-1-11,51,5-1-16,5
278,1Logain farmer organization1502,52,50,52,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,51,51,51,51,53,53,54,5-1-13,51,3-16,4-21,52,42,542,51,51,51,51,5-11,54,51,51,52,40000.36,5
279,1This system has water users' committees in each branch canals. Each branch committee is responsible for distributing water and maintaining the tertiary canals within that branch.1,532000,59,51,5502,5Pahadi and Tibeto-burman2,5Brahmin-chhetry and Gurung2,5Hindu, Buddist2,5Nepali2,53,51,53,53,53,53,53,52,52,53,52,52,56,5-2-23,52,51,51,52,54,52,52,51,51,54,53,52,54,506,5
280,1Almost all the appropriators reside within the service area. Out of 6 blocks, this branch falls under block no. 2 of Banaganga Irrigation Project.1,5316,55,52,5502,5Madhise2,5Kurmi, Yadav, Aeir3,5Hindu1,5Abadhi2,54,52,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,54,52,51,56,51,54,52,52,52,52,54,5Wheat area coverage is decreasing.1,52,52,52,53,52,51,52,506,5
281,1The appropriators of this system mostly reside within the command area. Most of the appropriators belong to the Tharu community.1,5386,55,52,5503,5Tharu, Pahadi3,5Chaudhary, Brahmin, Chhetri3,5Hindu3,5Tharu and Nepali3,54,52,54,53,53,5-27,42,51,54,52,53,56,5-24,53,52,51,52,52,52,51,51,51,54,51,51,52,506,5
282,1The appropriators of this system reside within the comand area and cultivate more or less same types of crops.1,51100,47,52,5502,5Madhise2,5Yadav, Chaudhari2,5Hindu3,5Avadi1,54,51,53,53,53,52,57,42,56,54,52,51,56,5-24,52,52,51,52,53,5Because of nonstability of headwork.1,52,51,52,54,52,51,52,506,5
283,1Marchawar Siari Sinchai Upa Samittee (Gonaha, Maryadpur, Bairghat VDC's)1,52000,47,52,5502,5Madhise3,5Yadav, Mishra, Kurmi2,5Hindu2,5Abadhi1,52,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,52,52,51,53,53,54,51,51,51,52,52,5Until five years ago, they had to purchase water, now winter irrigation free.2,52,52,51,52,52,51,52,503,5
284,1Eghara (11) Mauja Siari Kulo Up Samittee. This subgroup has a chairman who manages water allocation and resource mobilization problems of 11 different blocks of villages having independent systems.1,5-1-12,5502,5Madhise3,5Yadav, Mishra2,5Hindu2,5Avadi1,52,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,53,52,52,56,52,53,53,52,51,53,53,5DOI should release the water to Marchawar farmers with the consent of these farmers.1,51,52,51,54,53,51,52,506,5
285,1Most of the appropriators reside in Dohani Mauja. As the culture and climate is the same within the service area, all the approprators cultivate the same type of crops.1,5550,46,52,50,53,5Madhise4,5Misra, Gupta, Kusmi3,5Hindu2,5Abadhi1,54,52,53,53,53,53,58,52,51,53,52,52,55,5-22,53,51,51,52,54,5Technical problem at the headwork1,51,51,52,54,52,51,52,510006,5
286,1In this system there are 5 tiers of organization. Main committee, branch committee, toli, upatoli and group. We have coded a particular `Toli' of this system1,52,5503,5Madhise3,5Mishra, Koiri, Chaudhary2,5Hindu3,5Avadi2,52,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,54,52,52,56,52,51,53,53,52,51,52,54,5There is high operational loss.2,52,52,51,54,53,51,51,506,5
287,1Most of the appropriators reside within the service area and have some variation in socio-economic status, however, majority of the farmers grow same types of crops.1,52000,37,32,5501,5Madhise2,5Yadav2,5Hindu1,5Maithali1,54,52,53,53,53,53,55,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-24,54,54,52,52,54,5-22,52,52,52,53,53,52,54,506,5
288,1There is only one subgroup consisting of 95 % Madhise and 5% Pahadi. No distinct variation exists among each other in relation to the use of water.1,52700,58,53,5503,5Madhise3,5Jha, Mishra, Koiri, Kurmi ...1,5Hindu4,5Maithali + Bhojpuri1,5-22,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-23,53,53,53,5-23,5-21,52,52,52,51,54,51,52,5106,5
289,1Most of the people live in the service area. They migrated from up-hill area to foot-hill area of the same VDC. The group is comprised of Pahdis only.1,5-13,41,50,511,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,54,52,52,56,5-24,54,54,51,53,53,5The system is designed for 75 ha. presently the service area is half, due to faulty design of canal.1,51,52,52,51,51,5-21,506,5
290,1There are no multiple subgroups. The users are Brahmins (Pahadi).1,5131,51,550,41,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,53,52,52,46,5-24,54,54,52,52,53,5-21,51,51,51,54,51,53,53,51006,5
291,1There are no multiple sub groups. The users are more or less homogenous.1,5145,54,52,5503,5Pahadi1,5Kumal1,5Hindu2,5Nepali1,5-22,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,54,53,52,56,5-24,54,53,52,53,54,5-21,52,52,51,51,51,51,506,5
292,11,5322,51,50,51,5Pahadiya1,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-21,53,51,51,53,51,52,51,52,51,52,56,5-22,52,52,53,51,53,5-21,51,52,51,54,51,51,54,5-26,5
293,12,5450,55,52,50,521,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetry2,5Hindu2,5Nepali1,5-22,51,5-2-2-22,52,51,53,53,52,56,5-24,52,53,53,51,52,51,52,51,51,51,51,506,5
294,1The group is dominated by Pahadiya Hindu farmers.1,5400,45,51,50,521,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,53,53,53,53,51,52,52,53,53,53,56,5-24,54,54,52,51,52,5-21,51,52,51,54,51,51,54,506,5
295,1All the appropriators reside within the service area. All of them grow same type of crops.1,525,52,53,5501,5Madhise3,5Yadav, Chaudhary1,5Hindu1,5Maithali1,54,52,53,53,53,53,54,52,51,53,51,52,56,5-22,52,52,52,54,54,5The main canal is full of silt and weed.2,52,52,51,52,51,51,52,506,5
296,1The subgroup is the set of farmers who use water from BSC-1, Block-6 of NEC.1,5200,44,42,50,51,5Madhise2,5Kurmi, Yadav, Tiwari2,5Hindu1,5Bhojpuri1,54,52,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-24,54,54,51,52,52,5New tertiary canals have been constructed to convey irrigation water at required points.2,52,52,52,54,52,51,51,506,5
297,1The majority of the subgroup resides within the service area. As the service area falls under Bharatpur municipality, some appropriators are also engaged in off-farm employment.1,5500,35,32,5501,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,54,52,53,53,53,53,52,52,52,53,52,52,56,5-21,51,52,51,52,54,5Heavy silt deposition and high operating cost of pumping units.2,52,52,52,54,52,51,52,506,5
298,1The appropriators getting water from this system include mainly Kurmi and Yadav castes. Appropriators mainly settled in three VDCs, viz. Thunia, Lalpur and Chanai.1,520007,52,52,5Madhise2,5Kurmi, Yadav2,5Hindu2,5Awadi2,51,52,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-14,54,54,5-22,54,5Disilting of the main canal has not been done for 6 years and the flow of water has been very low1,52,52,51,54,54,52,51,506,5
299,1The appropriators get water from Hardi minor of MLIS. There are three VDCs in the service area of this system.1,530008,52,52,5Madhise2,5Muslim2,5Muslim and hindu2,5Awadi2,51,51,53,53,53,53,52,52,56,52,52,53,55,5-2-24,54,54,5-22,52,5-22,52,51,52,55,51,51,54,506,5
300,11,520007,512Madhise2Yadav, Chaudhary2Hindu1Maithali112,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-14,54,54,52,52,53,5-22,52,52,52,51,54,43,41,51006,5
302,1The appropriators of this system reside in 3 village development committee and belong to different ethnic groups.1,51300,47,52,5503,5Brahmin-Chhetri3,5Brahmin, Chhetri, Rai2,5Hindu3,5Nepali3,54,52,53,53,53,5-22,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-23,52,52,51,51,53,52,52,52,52,53,52,51,51,506,5
303,1This subgroup is composed of four ethnic groups namely, Brahmin, Tharu, Newar and Chhetri.1,595,53,522,5Tharus2,5Mahato1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-221,53,53,53,53,57,52,52,55,41,43,46,5-2-24,54,54,53,53,5-11,51,51,52,51,51,5-24,506
304,1The appropriators joining the WUA in the later stage are required to pay 5% of the total initial cost incurred.1,535,52,52,5202,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins, Chhetri1,5Hinduism1,5Nepali1,522,5UML2,53,53,53,5-2,53,52,51,52,43,51,46,5-2-24,51,54,51,52,5001,5-21,52,51,51,51,52,51000.56,5
305,1-11,525,52,52,50,082,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,5-23,52,52,55,52,51,56,5-2-24,53,54,52,53,5-1-11,51,51,52,51,54,51,52,50000.56,5
306,1The appropriators of this group live in ward no. 1 and 2 of Birendranagar VDC. This group is relatively innovative.1,5146,53,52,50,083,5Tibeto-Burman3,5Brahmin2,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,54,53,53,5-2-22,51,54,51,51,56,5-2-24,52,54,51,52,5-1-11,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
307,1The appropriators of this group live in ward no.1 of Birendranagar VDC. Most of them are Pahadis.1,596,43,52,5213,5Pahadi3,5Brahmin1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-12,5UML1,51,53,53,53,53,52,51,54,51,51,56,5-2-24,53,54,53,52,5-2-21,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,506
308,1-11,5211,52,50,052,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,52,53,53,5-23,52,52,52,51,52,56,5-2-24,51,54,51,52,5-1-11,51,51,51,51,51,51,52,50000.56,5
309,1-11,540,52,52,510,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-23,5Nepali Congress1,54,53,53,5-23,52,51,52,51,51,46,5-2-24,53,54,51,52,5-1-11,51,51,52,54,52,51,54,51000.56,5
310,1-21,535,52,52,562,5Tharus2,5Chaudhary, Mahatto1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5Nepali Congress1,53,53,53,5-2,57,52,51,53,52,52,46,5-2,5-2,54,54,54,51,5-1-1-12,52,52,51,51,52,51,52,50000.56,5
311,1-11,5125,54,42,502,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML2,53,53,53,5-2,55,52,51,42,41,41,56,5-2,5-2,54,52,44,41,52,54,5-11,41,52,52,44,41,5-2,42,50000.56,5
312,1This group contains relatively a large proportion of landless and absentees.1,5335,55,52,5-13,5Tibeto-Burman3,5Tamang2,5Buddhist2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,5-2,53,52,52,51,41,41,45,5-2-24,53,54,52,42,5-2-21,51,51,51,51,52,51,52,50000.56,5
313,1-11,573,53,51,5-23,5Tharu3,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,5-27,42,52,54,41,42,46,5-2-24,54,54,52,52,5-2-21,51,51,51,51,52,51,52,50000.56,5
314,1Most users live in ward 5 of Birendranagar VDC. Mixed type of ethnicity e.g. Pahadi, Tibeto-Burman.1,5240,55,52,53,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,52,53,5-23,52,51,52,51,51,56,5-2,5-2,51,51,54,54,53,5-2-21,51,51,51,54,51,51,52,51000.56,5
315,1The majority of the users are Tharus who are more labourous than migrant Pahadis. Often conflict occurs between 2 groups.1,5150,54,52,513,54,5Tharus2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5Nepali Congress1,53,53,53,5-27,52,52,55,54,51,56,5-2-24,53,54,52,5-1-1-21,51,51,52,51,53,52,52,51100.56,5
316,1-11,520042,543,5Tharu3,5Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-23,5-11,53,53,53,5-26,52,52,52,52,53,56,5-2-24,54,54,51,5-2-2-21,51,51,51,51,52,51,52,51000.56,5
317,1-11,58032,51,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,53,54,52,52,52,52,53,56,5-2-24,51,54,51,52,5-1-11,51,51,51,54,52,51,52,50000.56,5
318,1The Tharus are in majority in this group.1,5100,53,52,53,52,5Tharus2,5Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,53,53,5-2,55,52,52,53,52,51,56,5-2,5-2,54,54,54,51,5-2-1-11,51,52,52,51,51,51,54,51000.56,5
319,1Majority of the users belong to Darai ethnicity.1,575,53,51,50,52,5Darai2,5Darai1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,5-22,52,51,43,41,52,46,5-2-24,53,44,52,41,5-1-21,51,51,51,54,52,51,52,50000.56,5
320,1This group contains Brahmin, Kshetri and Tharus as users.1,536,52,52,50,52,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu2,5Tharu1,5-2-2UML1,52,53,52,5-23,52,51,52,41,43,46,5-2-21,52,42,41,53,52,4-11,51,52,41,51,41,51,52,50000.56,5
321,1Kshetri forms the largest ethnic group in this system.1,5225,55,52,53,42,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5Nepali Congress1,51,54,53,53,54,52,52,52,51,53,56,5-2-23,53,54,51,52,52,502. Mai1,51,51,52,51,51,51,54,51000.56,5
322,1-11,537,52,52,58,42,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali1,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,5-25,52,52,42,42,52,36,5-2-24,54,54,52,42,4-1-21,51,51,51,54,41,41,52,50000.56,5
323,1-11,5260,55,51,53,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin, Kshetri2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,5-25,42,51,54,41,42,46,5-2-24,5-1-1-13,5-1-21,51,52,41,54,51,51,42,50000.56,5
324,1So far, only one subgroup is identified. There are alltogether 75 users , inwhich Tibeto-Burman ethnicity is dominating.1,575,53,51,502,5Tibeto-Burman2,5Gurung2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML + NC (50%each)1,53,53,53,52,53,52,51,52,41,42,46,5-2,5-2,54,51,54,51,5-13,4-11,51,52,51,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
325,1This system consists of only one group.1,590,53,52,59,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5NepaliCongress1,53,53,53,5-24,52,52,52,53,52,56,5-2-24,51,54,51,51,5-1-21,51,51,52,54,51,51,54,51010.56,5
326,1-11,5240,55,52,56,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5(UML)1,54,53,54,5-23,52,51,54,52,52,56,5-2-24,51,54,52,52,5-1-21,51,51,51,51,51,5-22,51000.56,5
327,1So far, only one subgroup was identified. Majority of the users live in ward-2 of Khairani VDC. Tharu ethnicity was dominating.1,5184,54,52,542,5Tharus2,5Chaudhari2,5Hindus2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML.1,53,53,53,5-2,55,32,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-23,52,52,51,53,5-1-11,51,51,52,51,51,51,52,50000.56,5
328,1Only one subgroup identified and i.e. Chautara Kulo subgroup. It consists 47 users, in which Pahadi ethnicity is dominating.1,547,52,52,552,5Pahadis2,5Brahmins2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,51,52,53,53,52,52,51,52,31,51,56,5-2-24,51,54,51,52,5-1-11,51,51,51,51,51,51,52,511006,5
329,1-11,580,43,52,510,42,5Pahadis2,5Brahmins2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,53,53,5-2,53,52,51,52,51,52,56,5-2-21,51,54,52,52,5-1-11,51,51,51,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
330,1So far, only one subgroup identified. Most of the users are hill migrants and have no communication problem reported.1,5104,54,52,512,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5-11,53,53,53,5-23,52,51,53,51,52,56,5-2-23,51,54,52,52,5-1-11,51,51,51,54,51,5-24,50000.56,5
331,1Most of the users are Tharus. So far only one subgroup identified.1,545,52,52,512,5Tharus2,5Darai2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5NCP(UML)1,53,53,53,5-24,52,51,52,51,52,56,5-2-22,51,51,51,54,53,5-11,51,52,52,51,51,51,52,51000.56,5
332,1Previously, it was Jamindari Mauja. Only one subgroup found and dominated by Pahadis. Traditional farming system was observed.1,550,32,52,562,5Pahadi2,5Brahmins1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5CPN (UML)1,53,53,53,5-26,32,52,43,41,43,56,5-2-24,54,54,52,5-2-1-11,5-22,51,51,3-2-2-20000.56,5
333,1-21,548,52,54,5163,5Tharus2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-23,5RPP1,53,53,53,5-27,52,52,55,51,52,56,5-2-24,54,54,53,52,5-1-21,51,51,52,51,51,51,52,50000.56,5
334,1-21,595,53,52,502,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin and Chhetri2,5Hindu2,5Nepali4,4-2,5-1-11,52,53,53,5-2,54,52,51,52,41,41,56,5-2,52,54,52,52,52,5-2,53,5-2.51,51,51,52,51,51,41,42,51000.56,5
335,1only on esub-group identified in this system.1,524,51,51,503,5Tibeto-Burman3,5Newar2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2-1-11,53,53,53,5-2,54,52,54,53,51,51,56,5-2,5-2,54,52,54,52,5-13,4-11,51,51,52,51,41,51,52,50000.56,5
336,1-21,5120,54,52,54,12,5Pahadi, Tibeto-burman2,5Chhetri, Bahun, Rai, Tamang2,5Hindus2,5Nepali2,52,52,5CPN-UML2,53,53,52,5-2,55,52,51,53,52,52,51,56,52,52,52,53,43,45,43,5-2.52,51,52,52,51,51,51,52,51000.56,5
337,1-11,5200,44,52,50,252,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5Nepali congress1,54,53,53,5-25,52,51,53,52,53,56,5-2-21,41,44,52,53,5-1-21,51,52,51,54,51,51,53,51006,5
338,1-11,55022,542,5Tibeto-Burman2,5Newar2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,53,51,52,56,5-2-22,52,52,52,52,53,5-11,51,52,51,51,51,51,53,50000.56,5
339,1not in Rbase, only in Access, UF1,5823,52,52,5Pahadi2,5Bahun1Hindu1Nepali2,5-2,52,5N.C2,53,53,53,53,57,52,53,53,51,52,56,5-2-24,52,52,52,52,44,5-12,51,52,51,54,51,51,52,56,5
340,1-11,520,51,52,51,5Pahadi1,5Bahun1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,54,52,53,53,53,52,51,51,51,51,56,5-2-24,51,54,52,5-23,5-11,51,51,52,51,51,51,52,50000.46,5
341,1Most appropriators are hill-migrants.1,5120,54,52,52,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri2,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,52,53,5-23,52,51,52,41,41,46,5-2-24,51,54,51,5-1-1-11,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,50000.56,5
342,1-11,5893,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-23,5UML1,53,53,53,5-24,52,51,52,42,53,56,5-2-21,51,54,51,53,53,5-11,51,51,52,54,51,51,52,51000.56,5
343,1-22,55832,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5N.C.1,53,53,53,5-2,57,52,51,53,52,52,56,51,5-2,52,53,53,53,57,53,5-21,41,52,52,51,51,5-2,51,50000.56,5
344,1-11,460,53,52,522,542,5Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Tharu and Nepali2,5-22,5-12,53,53,53,53,47,42,52,44,53,52,56-2-2-12,42,42,42,52,5-11,51,51,31-21,4-2,52,5-26,5
345,1-11,5733,52,52,5Pahadi2,5Bahun1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5N.C1,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-22,52,52,51,53,53,5-21,51,52,52,51,51,51,54,51000.46,5
346,1Multi ethnic group of Brahmin, Chhetri and Chepang residing in the vicinities of the system. System spreads to the E-W highway1,5302,5-2-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5N.C.2,53,53,53,53,53,52,52,53,51,53,56,5-2-24,54,54,52,53,5-2-21,51,51,52,54,52,51,51,50000.56,5
347,1Small group consisting of only 9 members.1,59,51,5-2,5-2,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,54,43,42,46,5-2-24,54,54,51,52,52,5ADBCARE'S support to construct headwork.1,51,51,42,51,51,5-2,52,5-2.55,5
348,1The group consist of 50% of Tharu community. No conflicts occured.2,5300,45,5-2-22,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,53,56,42,52,54,33,52,56,5-2-24,54,54,53,52,52,5The ILC's intervention to construct the headwork.1,51,51,52,51,51,5-22,5-26,5
349,1There is a kind of misunderstanding and mistrust among the users regarding water distribution and labor contribution.1,5300,46,5-2-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML2,53,53,53,53,57,42,52,53,53,52,56,5-2-24,54,54,53,52,53,5No change, because of inappropriate intervention.1,51,51,42,51,51,51,52,5-26,5
350,1Tharus form the majority of the appropriators. The use Tharu dilect as a means of communication during meetings/discussion.1,5200,54,5-2,5-2,52,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu2,5Tharu dilect2,5-2,52,5N.C.2,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,52,53,52,56,5-2,5-2,54,54,54,52,52,5-1-11,51,51,52,52,52,51,52,5-2.56,5
351,1This group is not functioning well in terms of orgl. management since the death of chairperson two years ago.1,5400,35,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,54,33,42,46,5-2,5-2,54,52,53,52,52,52,5Due to ILC intervention for headwork construction.1,51,51,42,51,51,5-2,52,5-25,5
352,1This group is a heterogenous one in terms of religion, as 25% users are the muslims.1,5900,36,51,5-2,52,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5N.C.2,53,53,53,53,511,52,51,53,43,52,46,5-2-24,54,54,51,52,52,5Construction of headwork and proportional weirs.1,51,51,52,51,51,5-2,53,5-2.56,5
353,1-11,5200,44,5-2,5-2,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin + Chhetri2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,53,53,53,57,52,52,53,53,51,56,5-2,5-2,54,54,54,52,52,52,4Due to construction of the flume amd culverts.1,51,51,52,52,51,5-2,52,5-2.56,5
354,1-11,577,43,5-2,5-2,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML2,53,53,53,53,57,42,51,53,53,42,56,5-2-24,54,54,51,3-2,52,5Because of construction of flume.1,51,51,42,52,51,5-22,5-2.56,5
355,1THis sub group is dominated by Tharu.1,515507,52,52,52,5Tharu2,5Mahato, Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Tharu2,5-22,5UML2,53,52,5-2-27,42,51,53,33,52,46,5-2-24,43,54,51,42,32,4-11,51,51,32,54,41,51,52,5-2.56,5
356,1Tharus are the dominent caste in this group and are poor and practicising traditional tecnology.1,53005,51,5-21,5-21,5Tharu1,5Hindu1,5Tharu1,5-21,5-12,51,53,52,52,57,52,51,53,52,42,46,5-2-23,53,53,51,53,53,4-21,51,51,42,52,51,51,53,51106,5
357,1This group composed of Tharu who were settled under govt. settlement program.1,514,51,5-2-23,5Tharu1,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu1,5Tharu1,5-22,5UML1,51,31,51,51,52,52,51,33,41,51,51,5-2-2-13,53,51,52,33,4Production resource was repaired annually by the users.1,51,51,32,52,41,5-2,52,5-2.56,5
359,1Tharus form the majority in this group.1,5215,35,51,5-22,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,53,53,53,56,5-2-24,54,52,52,52,52,5ILC intervention and construction of single headwork for Kachila and Kachili1,51,51,52,51,51,5-22,5-25,5
360,1Extensive use of improved agricultural technologies.1,55506,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,52,53,53,53,56,52,51,54,52,52,46,5-2-22,41,53,51,53,53,5-21,41,51,52,51,51,51,51,5-26,5
361,1One of thelargest group in Deukhu with 2500 members.1,52500,47,51,5-2,52,5Tharu2,5Chaudhari1,5Hindu2,5Hindu2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,53,53,53,511,52,51,53,53,41,56,5-2,5-2,54,54,54,52,52,52,5Construction of aqueduct help increased the flow of water.1,51,51,52,51,51,5-2,52,5-2.56,5
362,1This group possesses the constitution, and separable rules and regulation in written form.1,4187,44,5-2-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,43,53,53,5-23,42,51,54,53,53,56,5-2-22,52,52,51,51,52,5Rehabilitation by constructing various structures.-11,51,52,52,51,5-22,5-26,5
363,1-11,5854,51,5-2,52,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,52,43,53,53,57,52,51,53,42,42,46,5-2,5-2,54,51,54,51,52,43,4-21,51,51,52,51,51,51,52,5-2.56,5
364,1This group possesses the constitution, separate rules and regulations in well written form. Registered with CDO as an NGO1,4187,44,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,43,53,53,5-23,42,51,54,53,53,56,5-2-22,52,52,51,51,52,5Rehabilitation of the system by constructing various structures.1,51,51,52,52,51,5-22,5-26,5
365,1All the five appropriators are Newars. They grow rice during monsoon as well as during spring.1,55,51,51,5-21,5-21,5-21,5-21,5-21,5-21,5N.C.2,53,53,53,53,53,52,51,53,53,51,56,5-2-24,54,54,53,53,53,5-11,51,52,52,54,51,5-2,51,5-2.53,5
366,1This group is of mixed community, using modern technology, and are economically good.1,5953,5-2-22,5pahadi2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5ULM1,51,43,43,43,56,52,51,53,52,51,56,53,51,54,41,51,51,53,53,5-21,51,51,52,52,51,51,52,5-26,5
367,1This group does not have any written rules and regulations regarding operation and maintenance of the system.1241,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri2,5HIndu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,54,52,53,56,5-2-24,53,53,51,52,52,5Headwork construction , lining of the distribution system1,51,51,52,51,51,5-22,5-26,5
368,1Not much exposed to the outside world as they reside in a relatively remote area in the district.1,527,42,5-2-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,43,53,53,5-21,52,51,54,43,53,56,5-2-22,52,52,52,51,52,5Construction of various structures of the system.-11,5-2,52,51,51,5-22,5-26,5
369,1They have used plenty of hydensity polythene pipes to bring water from the source.1,51134,51,5-2,52,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,53,53,53,51,52,51,53,53,42,46,5-2,5-2,54,54,54,52,52,53,4Because of the technical defect in the canal construction.1,51,51,52,54,51,5-2,52,5-26,5
370,1Dominated by a few influentials. No users involvement in the O and M of the system.1,5300,45,41,5-2,52,5Muslim2,5Muslim2,5Islam2,5Nepali2,5-22,5Nepali Congress3,53,43,53,43,46,52,51,53,42,42,46,5-21,44,44,44,41,43,43,4Construction of headwork1,41,42,32,42,42,43,31,4-26,5
371,1-21,545,42,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin-Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML1,43,53,53,53,57,52,51,53,32,41,46,5-2-24,54,54,52,52,52,5Construction of concrete aqueduct in 1994.1,51,51,52,52,51,5-2,52,5-2.56,5
372,1Most users are Tharus and are relatively self-contained, still follow indigeneous method of farming.1,5218,45,51,5-22,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu2,5Tharu2,5-22,5-11,52,43,53,53,57,42,51,53,42,42,46,51,51,54,42,54,53,52,53,4Construction of the headwork and other structures.1,51,51,52,53,41,51,52,40000.46,5
373,1Basicall a Tharu group. Group is also controlled by a few influentials (landlords). The feudal culture still exists.1,5140,54,51,5-22,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu2,5Tharu2,5-2,52,5RPP1,53,53,43,53,57,42,51,43,43,43,46,5-2-24,51,51,41,52,43,4-21,52,51,52,52,41,51,52,50000.06,5
374,1-11,525,42,51,5-2,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML2,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,53,53,53,56,5-2-24,54,54,5-1-19Construction of the headwork and use of the high density polythene pipe.1,51,51,52,51,51,5-22,5-24,5
375,1The appropriators are mainly the veg. growers. They hire conntractors for repair of the system, pay money on land basis.1,560,43,5-2-22,5Pahadi1,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,5UML1,54,53,53,53,53,52,51,52,52,53,56,5-2-22,53,53,51,52,52,5Construction of various structures of the system.1,51,51,52,51,51,5-22,4-23,5
376,1Small group of 15 households, Majority is Newar1,511,41,51,5-22,5Newar2,5Shrestha1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-2,52,5UML2,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,54,52,33,56,5-2-24,54,5-2-22,53,5Leakage of the canal1,51,51,52,51,51,5-2,52,4-26,5
377,1Weak rules and regulations in terms of execution. All thr users belong to the same ethnic group.1,525,42,5-2,5-2,51,5Tharu1,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu1,5Tharu2,5-2,52,5UML1,53,53,53,53,54,52,51,53,52,52,56,5-2-24,54,54,52,5-1-201. Mai1,51,51,52,51,51,5-2,52,5-2.56,5
378,1This group is dominated by the lower castes and they are dependent on agriculture for their survival.1,53655,5-2-22,5Pahadi2,5Kami and Darai2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5N.C.2,42,53,43,43,54,52,51,52,42,41,56,5-22,44,41,53,41,53,43,401. Mai1,51,51,52,54,41,51,52,5-26,5
379,1This group faces relatively hardship in farming because of location disadvantage.1,51254,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,42,33,53,53,57,42,51,53,52,42,46,5-21,54,51,54,51,53,43,5-2-1-1-12,5-1-1-12,5-26,5
380,1The appropriators reside near the system1,538,12,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Chhetri1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,53,53,53,53,52,52,51,53,53,53,56,5-2-24,54,51,52,52,51,501. Mai1,51,51,52,51,51,5-2,52,5-2.52,5
381,1This group is composed of Pahadi community (Brahmin 60 % and Chhetri 40%)1,540,42,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali1,5-22,5UML2,53,53,53,53,56,42,51,54,53,53,56,5-2-24,53,53,51,52,52,5Gabion box construction, canal lining, WUA formation.1,51,51,52,52,51,5-22,5-26,5
382,1-11,5332,5-2-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,53,53,53,53,53,42,51,52,41,41,56,5-2-24,51,54,52,52,43,4-11,51,51,42,51,51,51,52,4-26,5
383,1Dominated by Tharu and having little contact with outside.1,51304,5-2-22,5Tharu2,5Chaudhary2,5Hindu2,5Tharu2,5-22,5UML2,42,43,43,43,46,42,51,53,41,51,46,5-21,41,41,44,41,53,43,4-21,51,51,42,42,41,51,52,5-26,5
384,1-11,51504,41,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin1,5Hindu1,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,53,53,53,53,57,52,51,54,53,52,56,5-2-24,54,54,52,5-16,25Construction of headwork, canal lining, retaining wall1,51,51,52,52,51,4-2,32,5-2.53,4
385,1This group does not have female member. Many farmers grow seasonal vegetable even at the cost of Mustard cultivation.1,5300,45,5-2,5-2,52,5Pahadi2,5Brahmin2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML2,53,53,53,53,59,42,51,52,53,53,56,5-2-24,54,53,51,52,53,5The catchment area is very small and amount of water can not be increased1,51,51,52,51,51,5-22,5-26,5
386,1The group is composed of Tharus.1,560,53,51,5-21,5Tharu1,5Chaudhary1,5Hindu1,5Tharu1,5-22,5RPP2,52,53,53,53,56,42,52,54,42,41,46,5-2-21,41,44,41,53,43,4Aqueduct construction1,51,51,52,52,41,51,52,5-26,5
387,1This group is dominated by a few influential land-lords, who influence the decisions os the WUA.1,53000,38,41,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Tharu1,5Hindu2,5Nepali1,5-22,5N.C.1,52,43,43,43,47,42,51,43,53,42,46,5-2-23,41,51,51,53,53,5Aqueduct construction and WUA formation.1,51,51,51,52,41,51,52,5-26,5
388,1This group is not participating in the UWA activities. They use water on the basis of theirown needs.1,44005,41,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Muslim2,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5RPP3,53,53,53,53,59,42,51,53,43,41,56,5-2-24,44,44,41,53,43,4-11,51,51,32,52,45,43,41,4-26,5
389,1-11,5803,51,5-22,5Pahadi2,5Kumal1,5Hindu2,5Nepali2,5-22,5UML1,41,53,53,53,56,52,51,52,51,41,46,5-2-24,51,53,41,52,53,5-11,51,51,51,52,51,51,52,5-26,5